Obesity and weight gain
It can be said that obesity is not just an accumulation of fat in the body, but it is a chronic disease that causes many serious complications to health, which are difficult to treat, and obesity is the second leading cause of death after smoking, so striving to lose weight and maintain it within healthy weight levels requires thoughtful treatment. Long-term, the will, healthy eating habits, and regular exercise. 0 seconds of 0 seconde volume 0% Heart disease, diabetes, high blood pressure, stroke, spinal problems, gallstones, lung disease, sleep apnea, colon cancer, endometrial cancer, depression, and there are many treatments and medicines that contribute to the treatment and elimination of obesity. 
Medicines to help lose weight
Before taking weight loss medications, the doctor must be informed of the medical history, allergies to medications, any medications or nutritional supplements the person is taking, or if there is a pregnancy or planning to become pregnant, and weight loss medications include the following types:
Orlistat: The effect of this drug appears by preventing the absorption of most of the fat a person eats, and by reducing appetite, and its side effects include; Abdominal cramps, gas, greasy stools, diarrhea, and inability to control bowel movements.
Lorcaserin: whose effect appears by suppressing the appetite to reduce food intake, and its side effects include; Headache, feeling dizzy, nausea, fatigue, dry mouth, constipation, and if taken by a person with diabetes, it causes low blood sugar, headache, back pain, cough, and fatigue.
Naltrexone and bupropion: This medicine contains a combination of two medicines, namely; naltrexone and bupropion. Common side effects include; Nausea, constipation, headache, vomiting, dizziness, insomnia, dry mouth, and may cause seizures in patients who suffer from epileptic seizures, and may lead to high blood pressure and increased heart rate.
Liraglutide: The effect of this drug appears by increasing the feeling of satiety through the secretion of satiety hormones in the intestine, and may lead to some side effects, such as; Nausea, vomiting, diarrhea, constipation, low blood pressure, increased appetite.
Phentermine: The effect of this treatment appears by suppressing the appetite, which reduces the amount of food consumed, and this drug is taken for a short period of time only, as it can cause some serious side effects from them; Increased blood pressure, increased heart palpitations, insomnia, dizziness, shortness of breath, chest pain, difficulty with routine activities, change in taste in the mouth, diarrhea, constipation, and vomiting
Phentermine and Topiramate: The effect of this drug appears by suppressing the appetite, as the person loses the pleasure of enjoying food, and it also burns more calories, and its side effects include; Tingling feeling of hands and feet, dizziness, altered sense of taste, insomnia, constipation, dry mouth
Supplements that help lose weight
There are some supplements that play a role in losing weight, most notably the following:
Garcinia cambogia extract:
It is a medicine extracted from a green fruit similar to a pumpkin, and its effect is shown by inhibiting the enzyme that produces fats in the body, as it increases the level of serotonin, which may help reduce food cravings.
This supplement contains several ingredients that aid in weight loss, including; Caffeine and some plant extracts, which may cause some side effects; Such as anxiety, nervousness, trembling, nausea, diarrhea, and irritability. Caffeine: Caffeine enhances the metabolism and burning of fats, which speeds up weight loss, and this treatment may lead to anxiety, insomnia, nervousness, nausea, and diarrhea.
It is a supplement found in berries, as it increases the breakdown of fats in the body. Green coffee extract: It is a fresh coffee without roasting, which helps to lose weight by increasing fat burning. Glucomannan: It is a type of fiber found in the roots of the plant, as it absorbs water in the intestines, and promotes the feeling of fullness, which helps to eat fewer calories.
Green tea extract:
It is one of the frequently used ingredients in weight loss supplements, as it contains antioxidants that help burn fat, especially in the abdominal area.
Conjugated Linoleic Acid:
It is one of the healthy fats found in some foods, such as; Cheese, as it helps reduce appetite, enhances metabolism, and increases fat burning in the body. Long-term side effects of this drug include increased fat in the liver, insulin resistance, and increased inflammation in the body.
It is extracted from a plant of the mint family, which stimulates fat burning and increases muscle mass. Bitter orange: which helps reduce appetite, and increases fat burning in the body
Weight loss tips
There are many tips that help lose weight in a healthy way, without experiencing side effects, and the tips include the following:
- Eat less food and reduce the number of daily calories.
- Exercising to burn calories for half an hour five times a week, such as;Weight lifting and aerobic exercises.
- Changing the lifestyle, by following healthy methods of eating and exercising, as it should not be for a temporary period only, but should be followed as a lifestyle.
- Reducing the intake of sugars and starches, which leads to reduced appetite, and reduced insulin levels, which helps to lose weight without feeling hungry.
- Increase the intake of vegetables that are low in carbohydrates and rich in fiber, such as; Broccoli, cauliflower, spinach, cabbage, and cucumber. Eat healthy fats, such as; Olive oil, coconut oil, and avocado oil.
Avoid sugary drinks and fruit juice, as these drinks are high in sugar and calories.
Drinking water half an hour before meals, which helps to lose weight by 44%. Drink coffee or tea, as caffeine helps boost metabolism.
Eat foods at home, and avoid processed foods that cause overeating. Eating slowly, which promotes the feeling of fullness and stimulates the secretion of satiety hormones in the intestine.